Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Born: January 27th, 1756 in Getreidegasse, Austria
Died: December 5th, 1791 (at age 35) in Vienna, Austria
Nationality: Austrian
Fields: piano and violin composition, symphonies, chamber and choral music
Famous For: Deep influence on classical music

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart remains one of the most famous composers in history. The classical music composed by Mozart is both the subject of great study and great listening enjoyment to this very day.

Early Life

Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria and he showed great musical promise at a very early age. At five, he distinguished himself as a skilled player of the violin and the keyboard. When he was three years old, Mozart would watch his seven year old sister’s keyboard lessons. These lessons would have a great impact on his learning experience.

Traveling Life

Mozart’s family traveled to many European cities during his early life. This would have an amazing impact on his ability to learn a great amount about different styles of music. In both 1764 and 1765, Mozart would travel to London where he would personally meet Johann Christian Bach. Bach would have an amazing influence on Mozart’s life and music.

Professional Work

To explore greater options in life he traveled to Italy. His time in Italy would last nearly a full two years. Mozart had previously been honing his skills as a composer and as a performer. As a young man, he showed skill but his talent was somewhat raw. During his travels in Italy, his work would gain a great deal more maturity. Likely, this was the result of constant practice.

In Bologna, he would become accepted as a member of the Accademia Filarmonica. He would migrate to Milan and write the opera “Mitridate, re di Ponto” in 1770. The performance of the opera proved to be a great success. Milan would remain a location where he would accomplish many things. He would return there in 1771 and 1772 with his other successes “Ascanio in Alba” and “Lucio Silla.” At the end of his first Italian journey, Mozart would craft one of his biggest successes: “Exsultate, jubilate.”

The Salzburg Court

At 17, he would work professionally in a music related capacity. He served as a court musician in the Salzburg region. Mozart had a great deal of professional success composing violin pieces during his work for the court. Mozart experienced a great deal of different styles of music at the court. All of these unique styles would have a strong impact on his ability to become a skilled composer.

Paris and Vienna

Mozart would later move on to stints in Paris and Vienna. Many of his greatest works were composed during his adventures in these cities. In Paris, he created the A minor piano sonata and, in Vienna, he would compose a host of well received operas.

Final Years

Mozart suffered quite a number of health problems throughout his life. On a trip to Prague to oversee one of his opera performances, he became ill for the final time. On December 5th, 1791, Mozart would succumb to a chronic illness and pass away.